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LIFESTYLE & CULTURE

Survey reveals women feel unsafe when traveling solo; two out of five report harassment

A survey found that women feel uncomfortable or unsafe traveling solo (although two out of three have done so). Furthermore, two in five women report that they have experienced sexual harassment while on the road alone.

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Recent movements like #MeToo and #TimesUp revealed the pervasiveness of sexual harassment and assault in our culture today. It should come as no surprise that some of the stories shared through these movements shine an uncomfortable light on how women experience travel. One such story that went viral came from a well-known Silicon Valley executive who posted her experience being harassed by a seatmate on an Alaska Airlines flight last November.

A new Quick Take on Travel survey by independent marketing communications agency Eric Mower + Associates asked 400 US women about their perceptions on safety when traveling alone. The results reveal that overall, women feel uncomfortable or unsafe traveling solo (although two out of three have done so). Furthermore, two in five women report that they have experienced sexual harassment while on the road alone.

From a generational standpoint, millennial women are significantly more likely to have concerns than Gen Xers. They consider their safety when choosing the location of their airline seat, have developed strategies to ward off uninvited overtures, and have definite ideas about what hotel features enhance their safety.

A few highlights from the survey results include:

Planning for safety

  • A full 80% of women have considered personal safety issues related to potential harassment or assault when planning a trip, with a quarter considering safety often or always. Gen X women are more likely than millennials to say they have never considered personal safety when preparing to travel (25% vs. 14%).
  • Nearly two-thirds of female travelers (65%) research the relative safety of their destination before they go. To gather the information they need, they are most likely to reach out to other people who have traveled to that destination (31%). Others report they have read reviews on the topic (28%), consulted guide books or blogs (18%), looked at local crime statistics (16%), or visited message boards or travel communities (16%).
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Perceptions: Women find strength in numbers

  • Current events around sexual harassment and assault have made 33% of women less comfortable traveling alone, while 54% report their feelings have not been influenced. Millennial women’s comfort levels have been more negatively impacted by such news than their Gen X counterparts (42% vs. 27%).
  • Thinking about the risk of sexual harassment when traveling alone makes 43% of women feel uncomfortable and 24% feel unsafe.
  • Women feel safest traveling with a group of friends. As many as 62% are either very or extremely comfortable with this scenario, compared to a male friend or partner (54%), female friend or partner (36%), or a tour group (31%).
  • Only 15% of women are very/extremely comfortable traveling solo. The largest percentage, 34%, are somewhat comfortable, while 25% are not at all comfortable. 

Experiences: Two in five have been harassed while traveling

  • Two in five women report they have experienced sexual harassment/unwelcome interactions when traveling, with those interactions most often occurring in a bar (21%). Approximately 10% of women recall harassment while sightseeing, on an airplane, or in their hotel.
  • Slightly more than half of women have felt unsafe when traveling alone, and again, the bar is the setting in which they most likely have felt so (27%).
  • Gen X women are more likely than millennials to say they’ve never felt unsafe when traveling alone (46% vs. 27%).

Navigating the too-friendly skies

  • Three in five women have taken steps to discourage an airplane seatmate from unwelcome interest. Their most common tactic? Using earbuds or headphones (33%), followed by reading (28%), feigning sleep (19%), and explicitly telling the person they aren’t interested (17%). Eight percent have resorted to summoning assistance from a flight attendant.
  • As many as 59% of women select their airplane seat with personal safety in mind. Thirty-five percent prefer the aisle, either because it allows for an easy escape from an offensive seatmate (21%) or so they are more visible to the crew (14%) while 23% like a window seat so they can turn away from the attention. One out of 10 opt for business or first class where there’s more interaction with the crew.
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Hotels as safe harbor from unwanted sexual advances

  • When choosing travel accommodations, 24/7 presence at the reception desk and secure on-site parking are the most important security features, with 50% of women rating each very/extremely important.
  • Other security features they value are staying on floors with access restricted to guests only (41%), having the door to their room either located inside the hotel or facing away from the road if outside (33%), and having room service delivered by female staff (24%).

Find more information and get a closer look at EMA’s most recent Quick Take on Travel survey HERE. Quick Take on Travel is a series of surveys tracking hot-button U.S. travel industry trends and issues.

NEWSMAKERS

Apple updates Holding Hands emoji to represent more LGBTQIA relationships

In a major update to the Holding Hands emoji typically used to represent couples and relationships, users will now be able to select any combination of skin tone, in addition to gender, to personalize the people holding hands, opening up more than 75 possible combinations.

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Apple is previewing a selection of new emoji coming, revealing the newest designs that bring even more diversity to the keyboard, alongside fun and exciting additions to popular categories of food, animals, activities and smiley faces.

In a major update to the Holding Hands emoji typically used to represent couples and relationships, users will now be able to select any combination of skin tone, in addition to gender, to personalize the people holding hands, opening up more than 75 possible combinations.

Following Apple’s proposal to the Unicode Consortium last year to introduce more disability-themed emoji, a new guide dog, an ear with a hearing aid, wheelchairs, a prosthetic arm and a prosthetic leg will be available in the emoji keyboard. Celebrating diversity in all its many forms is integral to Apple’s values and these new options help fill a significant gap in the emoji keyboard.

Many additional emoji categories are getting exciting updates with a new smiley face for yawning, a one-piece swimsuit, new food items including a waffle, falafel, butter and garlic, and new animals like the sloth, flamingo, orangutan and skunk.

Fifty-nine new emoji designs will be available this fall with a free software update for iPhone, iPad, Mac and Apple Watch. Thousands of emoji are currently available, including emotive smiley faces, gender-neutral characters, more professions, various clothing options, food types, animals, mythical creatures and more. New emoji are created based on the approved characters in Unicode 12.0.

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Health & Wellness

Phl has most cases of fake medicines in Southeast Asia – UN report

Of 460 incidents of counterfeiting and illegal distribution of pharmaceutical products recorded within the region from 2013 to 2017, 193 occurred in the Philippines. Comparatively, 110 occurred in Thailand, 93 in Indonesia, and 49 in Vietnam.

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A study on transnational crime from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime found that the highest incidence of “falsified medicines” among Southeast Asian countries come from the Philippines.

Of 460 incidents of counterfeiting and illegal distribution of pharmaceutical products recorded within the region from 2013 to 2017, 193 occurred in the Philippines. Comparatively, 110 occurred in Thailand, 93 in Indonesia, and 49 in Vietnam.

Most of these counterfeit medicines were for urinary tract infection, erectile dysfunction, anti-infectives, and central nervous system (CNS). Meanwhile, nutrition supplements, cadiovascular, CNS, and metabolism drugs were among the most illegally distributed.

The UN study defined “falsified medicines” as pharmaceutical products “marketed with the intention to deceive buyers.” These could be misbranded, falsely labeled, or expired; may contain too little, too much, or none of its purported active ingredient.

As per the UN study, these products are ineffective, may be harmful or even deadly.

Pakistan, India and China are the leading sources of falsified medicines that end up in the Philippines through organized criminal networks.

The Philippines itself was the source in 12 incidents of either falsified or illegally distributed medicines in the US, Japan and Germany.

The report – titled “Transnational Organized Crime in Southeast Asia: Evolution, Growth and Impact” – noted that international criminal organizations may have earned as much as $2 billion from trafficking falsified medicines in the Philippines in 2014.

To solve the problem, the UN report recommended cross-border cooperation among countries. It warned against hastily tightening laws as this may only divert the illicit trade toward more vulnerable areas. The study similarly stated that countries in the Southeast Asian region must boost the legitimate trade in pharmaceuticals and make genuine medicines more available and affordable.

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Travel

Ranking the best (and yes, worst) countries to be LGBT in Europe

Malta, Belgium and Luxembourg came at at the top of the list of 49 nations ranked based on legal and policy practices for LGBTI people. Meanwhile, Azerbaijan, Turkey and Armenia are the worst countries in Europe for LGBTI rights.

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Identifying as part of the LGBTQIA community, and considering heading to Europe? It may be worth considering the best – and yes, worst – European countries for those who live under the rainbow.

Malta, Belgium and Luxembourg came at at the top of the list of 49 nations ranked based on legal and policy practices for LGBTI people, according to a new assessment from the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. Meanwhile, Azerbaijan, Turkey and Armenia are the worst countries in Europe for LGBTI rights.

With each nation receiving a score from 0-100%, Malta received 90% and Azerbaijan just 3%. These rankings are used to put together the “2019 Rainbow Europe Map” (https://www.ilga-europe.org/sites/default/files/rainbowmap2019png1_0.png), a campaign from ILGA-Europe that looked at 69 key factors in every country in Europe, including equality and non-discrimination; family; hate crime and hate speech; legal gender recognition and bodily integrity; civil society space; and asylum.

The Top 10 most LGBT-friendly countries in Europe (2019):

  1. Malta
  2. Belgium
  3. Luxembourg
  4. Finland
  5. Denmark
  6. Norway
  7. Portugal
  8. France
  9. United Kingdom
  10. Sweden

The Top 10 least LGBT-friendly countries in Europe(2019):

  1. Azerbaijan
  2. Turkey
  3. Armenia
  4. Russia
  5. Monaco
  6. San Marino
  7. Belarus
  8. Liechtenstein
  9. Moldova
  10. Latvia

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LIFESTYLE & CULTURE

Top ways to relax and recharge after playing sport

It is important to take recovery days and find effective ways to relax and recharge after playing sport.

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Playing sports is an exciting part of life for many people. However, overtraining can cause a number of sports-related injuries and leave you unable to exercise for days, weeks, or even months.

For that reason, it is important to take recovery days and find effective ways to relax and recharge after playing sport.

Enjoy a long hot bath 

Taking a long hot soak in the bath is not only relaxing, but will also help soothe any tired muscles or aches following exercise. Create a therapeutic bath by adding Epsom salts. These powerful minerals are absorbed through the skin and replenish the level of magnesium in the body. This helps boost levels of serotonin which creates feelings of calm and relaxation. Epson salts have also been shown to speed up the recovery of sports-related injuries and improve physical performance.

Healthline provides more information on Epsom salts, the benefits, and how to use them most effectively.

Create a therapeutic bath by adding Epsom salts. These powerful minerals are absorbed through the skin and replenish the level of magnesium in the body.

Take time to rest

After playing sports, it is important to take the time to rest and recharge. Doing a sedentary activity that requires minimal physical movement is one of the best ways to give your body time to recover after intense physical activity and exercise. Watching TV, reading a book, or playing online games are all popular activities that allow you to rest. Some people also enjoy playing online betting games and having the opportunity to win money online. Unibet offers a huge selection of fun and exciting online betting games, from sports betting to live casino, so you’re sure to find something you enjoy.

Watching TV, reading a book, or playing online games are all popular activities that allow you to rest.

Treat yourself to a massage

Treating yourself to a massage is a great way to relax and recharge after playing sport. During a massage your breathing and heart rate slow, your blood pressure lowers, your body produces less stress hormones, and your muscles relax. Massages are therefore the ideal way to unwind, especially if you have tense, achy muscles. Sports massage can be used to relieve muscle tension, reduce inflammation, and treat a whole range of injuries. They can also effectively enhance athletic performance by improving soft tissue function and increasing the range of motion. 

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Get enough sleep

Getting enough sleep is vital to your overall health and wellbeing. Many studies have also shown that lack of sleep can have a significant negative effect on performance and recovery. According to The National Sleep Foundation – “Less sleep increases the possibility of fatigue, low energy, and poor focus at game time. It may also slow recovery post-game.” For that reason, it is extremely important that you try to get as much quality sleep as possible and aim for the recommended eight hours of sleep every night. If you struggle to get to sleep, then make sure you switch off from technology and avoid things like social media in the evening. You could also try taking a relaxing bath and drinking a calming herbal tea before you go to bed. This should help improve your chances of getting a good night’s sleep.

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LIFESTYLE & CULTURE

Make your business marketing all inclusive

When starting and developing a business, there are fundamental areas that you’ll need to put in place in order to get things going.

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When starting and developing a business, there are fundamental areas that you’ll need to put in place in order to get things going. The strategy is the initial port of call, which is a necessary step to defining the overall mission and goals of the company. Finance is usually a close second on the list as funding will play an essential role in the setup process, sourcing offices, and hiring staff.

Employees

Sourcing a team of loyal employees will be crucial to success, and finding the right skill sets can be a difficult and laborious task. Equipment and operations must also be put in place in order to get a business functioning from start to finish. If this all seems a little overwhelming, don’t panic; there are plenty of ways to increase your business knowledge before stepping out alone.

Sourcing a team of loyal employees will be crucial to success, and finding the right skill sets can be a difficult and laborious task.

Further Education

Furthering your education in this field can provide invaluable wisdom and can be achieved without having to attend college full time. Online-based courses offer flexibility to students all over the world, allowing study time to slot in with life commitments and run alongside any business plans you may have. You can find out more online about these courses.  

Marketing

The last area to consider when developing your business is how to market your product or service to consumers as customer engagement is critical to success. If they don’t want to invest in what your selling, you’ll never be able to get your startup off the ground. The landscape of businesses marketing, however, has seen a definitive change in direction in recent years, and it is important to bear this in mind when creating your own strategies.

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Your Mission & Vision

Creating an unreachable dream to aspire to is no longer the obvious choice when advertising your brand. Consumers no longer want to feel pressured to fit a certain mold and are beginning to shy away from companies that promote unrealistic expectations. Inclusivity and Diversity are becoming the norm, and the world of business is discovering that being relatable and understanding of their audience is much more important than acting like an exclusive, members-only club.

Positive Messaging

Creating a positive message around your business is not only good for society as a whole but will no doubt help your bottom line as you appeal to a broader audience. After all, the size of your body or the color of your skin should never mean you can’t purchase a particular item of clothing and brands are becoming better at highlighting this within there ads.

Creating a positive message around your business is not only good for society as a whole but will no doubt help your bottom line as you appeal to a broader audience.

Final Thoughts

There’s definitely a fine balance to achieve when getting inclusive marketing right, and this should not be taken lightly. There are a few examples below of successful inclusive campaigns that illustrate how it can be done correctly.

  • Kleenex achieved a brilliant inclusive marketing campaign with their Unlikely Best Friends video ad featuring an unwanted disabled dog. Heartwarming and relatable to all, it is a real tear jerker to watch so have the tissues at the ready.
  • Goldieblox toys and entertainment brand breaks the mold when it comes to traditional gender perceptions and commonly illustrates girls striving for any job role in life, regardless of whether it’s been a male-dominated role in the past.
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Health & Wellness

Between 16% and 18% of preadolescents have ideas of suicide

Up to 18% of preadolescents have ideas of suicide, with the main risk factors including depressive symptoms, anxiety and compulsive obsessive disorder.

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Up to 18% of preadolescents have ideas of suicide, with the main risk factors including depressive symptoms, anxiety and compulsive obsessive disorder. This is according to “Suicidality in a Community Sample of Early Adolescents: A Three-Phase Follow-Up Study”, done by Voltas, N., Hernández-Martínez, C., Arija, V. and Canals, J.

In the study, the researchers studied a group of 720 boys and 794 girls who studied in 13 schools in Reus. They were monitored during three developmental periods: 10 years old, 11 years old and 13 years old. At the beginning of the study, the students answered a series of psychological tests that were used to detect which of them presented emotional symptoms related to depression, anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). From their responses, two groups were created: one group at risk of emotional problems and a control group.

The disorders were diagnosed with standardised international criteria and the boys and girls were monitored to see how suicidal ideation developed throughout the research period.

The figures were quite stable. During the first period, 16% of the students stated that they had thought about suicide, of whom 33% stated the same one year later. In both the second and the third period, ideas of suicide were expressed by 18% of the students surveyed. The risk of suicide was determined in a personal interview and was present in 12.2% of the children with an average age of 11 years old. Although there were no differences between the sexes, the severity of the suicidal behaviour was greater in boys.

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The researchers also observed what factors predicted suicidal ideation and they found here that there were differences between the sexes.

“In boys it is previous depressive symptoms which determine subsequent suicidal ideation,” says Núria Voltas, one of the researchers involved in the study. In girls, on the other hand, it is a combination of anxiety symptoms, OCD and the family’s socioeconomic situation.

The results of this research, published in the scientific journal Archives of Suicide Studies reveal the factors that can trigger ideas of suicide in this age group. “Our results will enable us to have greater control over this particular aspect and take prevention measures in preadolescents, who are going through a period of considerable vulnerability,” she concludes.

This is a noteworthy study, considering other – and earlier – studies have repeatedly highlighted how members of the LGBTQIA community are greatly affected by suicide. In 2018, for instance, a study from the University of Arizona noted that 50.8% of transmasculine adolescents between the ages of 11 and 19 have attempted suicide at least once, while 41.8% of nonbinary adolescents – those who don’t identify as exclusively male or exclusively female – have attempted suicide.

Still another study – also done in 2018 – that appeared in Pediatrics noted that almost 14% of adolescents reported a previous suicide attempt, with disparities by gender identity in suicide attempts. Female to male adolescents reported the highest rate of attempted suicide (50.8%), followed by adolescents who identified as not exclusively male or female (41.8%).

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Still another study – also done in 2018 – that appeared in LGBT Health found that a total of 37% of trans respondents reported having seriously considered suicide during the past 12 months and 32% had ever attempted a suicide. Offensive treatment during the past three months and lifetime exposure to trans-related violence were significantly associated with suicidality. 


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