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Suzuki Jimny’s rugged (under)statement

Outrage Magazine takes a closer look at Suzuki Jimny JLX – MT.

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Butch.
The one word to describe Suzuki Jimny.
That was my first impression of it, that first time I saw a unit traversing the roads of Tagaytay, seemingly calling for attention as a somewhat masculine – albeit in a cute way – car a la Jeep Wrangler.
That word returned to me when the unit to test arrived in Las Piñas.



Look-wise (from outside), the Jimny is somewhat of an attention-grabber, with a rugged retro look that could easily remind one of the likes of the early Wranglers or early RAV4 or – perhaps also more aptly – those locally-made owner-type jeeps (particularly in provinces) that served as the very first vehicle driven by oh-so-so many. With fog lamps, hood scoop, roof rails, 15″ alloy wheels and “masculine” color options (i.e. Superior White, Silky Silver Metallic, Granite Grey, Bluish Black Pearl and Cool Khaki Pearl Metallic), this one’s somewhat of a hot item when seen.

Inside Jimny, though, it’s a different story. The word that comes to mind is… functional; in a tight (if not cluttered) space. The seats – which use synthetic leather upholstery – are stiff. The headrest for the front seats are awkwardly positioned, so that the user is forced to firmly sit; no slouching or even comfy napping/sleeping can be done here (this perky position can be good for the driver as it keeps one awake; but it can be tiring when doing long drives).

At the back, two passengers (as there are only two seatbelts there) will have to fight for space to be comfy, and forcing three can be a nightmare (if they fit at all, depending on the built and weight of the passengers; though small kids should do). The back seats can fold (for luggage), and truth be told, layout may have been better this way – i.e. turn it into a two-seater, or (if this isn’t an option at all) with the back passengers facing each other and the empty space in front of them serving as space for stuff/luggage (much like the owner type jeeps); at least if this is the layout, legroom may be bettered.

There are definitely numerous pluses – e.g. fully-trimmed (albeit plastic-looking/feeling) dashboard, well positioned meters (easy reading indeed), high seating position (oozes with sex appeal; aside from allowing you to actually see your hood, like some lord/lady overseeing his/her space), cool A/C (I suppose for the small space this isn’t surprising), dual front airbags, multiple storage spaces (the sides for the back passengers have the armrest, for instance), and 2WD/4WD/4WD-L options. And – this has to be stressed – HUGE windows that seem to place who’s inside the Jimny outside, too. It’s almost like being in a room with floor-to-ceiling windows.

Let me state, though, that perhaps because of its size, the Jimny is also seen as “cute”. I’ve lost count how many times the Jimny has been complimented as “way nice” – e.g. truck drivers in Agoncillo, Batangas; traffic enforcers in Lucban, Quezon; passersby in Balayan, Batangas; and even pedestrians in Bacoor, Cavite. If combining “cute” and “butch” is possible, then the Jimny’d be the exemplification of that…

The Jimny’s size bodes well in city driving (I have seen smaller cars in the streets of San Francisco; but this comes close). Squeezing in the unrealistically tight parking spaces of, say, Cybergate in Mandaluyong City (behind Robinson Forum) or Greenbelt is somewhat breezy.

But with the reservations re the Jimny’s compactness (here mainly because it really is TIGHT), how it performs matters big time.

And the Jimny has an all-aluminum engine, with the twincom 1,328cm3 powerplant spinning to high revs to provide lots of torque and instant response (e.g. traverse EDSA and fight for street space with the buses or truck there, and note the Jimny’s more than apt handling, braking and accelerating).















But of course this is also being sold as an all-terrain vehicle. Specifically:

  1. Press the 2WD button to disengage the front driveshaft and reduce noise and vibration;
  2. Press the 4WD button to engage the 4H setting, which is ideal for off-road surfaces; and
  3. Press the 4WD-L button, which engages the 4L setting, for even rougher terrain.

#1 was easy; that’s basically the “normal” driving with the Jimny – e.g. Coastal Road (from Baclaran to Las Piñas), where (true to form) noise and vibration were reduced.

I’d say fuel consumption for city driving wasn’t as good as other Suzuki offerings (at least in my experience, think Ciaz and Celerio), with a full tank covering approx. 300kms. This is no gas guzzler, yes; but seeing how fast that dial went down from “F” to “E” gave me (as always) that anxious feeling…

For #2 and #3, off we went to the south to try the Jimny. The off-road capabilities of the Jimny were tested at Naculo Falls, a somewhat hidden and not-that-often visited destination in Cavinti, Laguna (not too far from Pagsanjan). I didn’t know until late(r), but – as per local chika (storytelling) – the road wasn’t that good there that a van just stopped running; the same van is still there, left in the middle of (almost) nowhere. When there, the locals (they carry gravel from the area near the falls to the upper areas of Cavinti) just said the roads are “madulas (slippery)”. Only when we were trying to maneuver out of the “putik (mud)” did they say: “Puwedeng iwanan ang sasakyan sa taas (You can leave the car in the upper area).” But the Jimny held well; able to traverse the slippery slopes.

Perhaps worth noting was the benefit of the size of the Jimny in this situation. Because it was small-ish, the center of gravity was a-OK; and chances of turning over didn’t even occur to me. And then when there was an area where the Jimny could be turned around (instead of just attempting to get out of the literally sticky situation by reversing), the unit fitted the tight spot well.











But rough(er) roads weren’t the only contexts that used the 4WD and 4WD-L capabilities of the Jimny. From Cavinti back to Las Piñas, we traversed the less frequented roads that allow tourists (like moi!) to enjoy the small towns that thrive along Taal Lake – e.g. Laurel, Agoncillo and Nasugbu. There, the roads were, I’d say, almost pasted on irregularly shaped hills, so that driving meant needing power. Smaller inclines only needed 2WD; but 4WD (and at times 4WD-L) helped a lot for the sharper climbs.

Road surface-wise, I noted, too, how Jimny was “malikot (moved a lot)” on concrete road; but wasn’t on asphalt. Outside the city, fuel consumption got better. From full tank to nil, well over 400kms were covered.












I still think Jimny’s one butch/masculine car. Or perhaps that’s just because I’m nostalgic for a retro-looking offering (?). But looks – as we know – aren’t everything when buying cars. And here, Jimny can be said to be… lacking, e.g. the cramped space inside, ultra-basic offerings (I don’t know why but the AM/FM player reminds me of the tow vehicles in outback Australia), no accessories that should be (as we say in tech world) OOTB (“out of the box”; such as that much-needed USB outlet), not-that-comfy driving (check the aforementioned stiff seats and non-adjustable headrests), not even a driver’s seatbelt reminder lamp, singular inside light, no fuel consumption gauge, tunog lata sound system, et cetera.

Yes, it delivers on the 4×4 experience it promises – to an extent. And yes, it does have its pluses (also as earlier mentioned).

And so, I suppose, the Jimny’s appeal will be very… personal.

I’m trying to find a fitting analogy cum summation here…
So now let me put it this way: If, for instance, you are a bachelor only looking to drive a somewhat mean-looking car (with the 4WD promise to boot), then by all means, consider the Jimny.
But the moment you want to take someone home with you, and you’d already need that comfy passenger seat (as well as the other she-bangs) to accommodate the other party/parties, then the Jimny becomes a tricky proposition.
This may not be the coolest analogy/summation (I know, I know…), but you get the point…

Jimny comes in three variants: JX 1.3L – M/T (selling for P738,000); JLX 1.3L – M/T (P790,000); and JLX 1.3L – A/T (P845,000).

The founder of Outrage Magazine, Michael David dela Cruz Tan is a graduate of Bachelor of Arts (Communication Studies) of the University of Newcastle in New South Wales, Australia. Though he grew up in Mindanao (particularly Kidapawan and Cotabato City in Maguindanao), even attending Roman Catholic schools there, he "really, really came out in Sydney," he says, so that "I sort of know what it's like to be gay in a developing and a developed world". Mick can: photograph, do artworks with mixed media, write (DUH!), shoot flicks, community organize, facilitate, lecture, research (with pioneering studies under his belt)... this one's a multi-tasker, who is even conversant in Filipino Sign Language (FSL). Among others, Mick received the Catholic Mass Media Awards (CMMA) in 2006 for Best Investigative Journalism. Cross his path is the dare (read: It won't be boring).

Lifestyle & Culture

What to do when your company’s reputation is in the gutter

Whatever the case may be, saving your reputation is still possible. Here are just a few steps for rebuilding a damaged reputation.

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A poor reputation isn’t good for business. Attracting customers could be a struggle (or you may find that you’re attracting the wrong sort of customer). You may have been publicly shamed on social media, you may have lots of negative reviews or you may have garnered a bad reputation locally simply through word of mouth. It might have been one big mistake that tanked your reputation, or it could have been a gradual process.

IMAGE SOURCE: PEXELS.COM

Whatever the case may be, saving your reputation is still possible. Here are just a few steps for rebuilding a damaged reputation.

Publicly apologize

If your reputation has been destroyed by a single event, it’s important that you own up to your mistakes and publicly apologize immediately. You could post something on social media or email all customers that have been affected. Clear up any misunderstandings so that there are no false rumours still in circulation and be honest about the things you have done wrong. A public apology may not be necessary if it’s been a gradual slip in reputation, although you may still benefit from responding to individual negative reviews with apologies. This guide at Entrepreneur offers more tips on publicly apologizing. 

Consider a rebrand

To get rid of your bad image problem, it could be essential that you rebrand yourself. This will help to show consumers that you’re reinventing yourself and could convince them that you’ve turned over a new leaf. Changing your company name isn’t necessary (and could be seen as an attempt to hide your past), however you may want to consider changing your logo, redesigning your website and potentially refurbishing your premises. 

Hire a PR company

A PR company may be able to help you establish positive media coverage that could help to rebuild your reputation. This could be important if you’ve developed bad press that is putting off customers. There are PR companies out there such as Elite Lawyer Management that caters to specialised industries. Choosing a specialist PR company could ensure that you get a service specialised to you.

Utilize your happy customers

Not all your customers are likely to be complaining. You may still have some loyal customers that have stuck with you through thick and thin. Reward these customers so that you don’t end up losing them too – this could involve giving them exclusive discounts or other privileges. You can also ask them to leave positive reviews to try and outweigh some of the negative reviews that you may have developed. 

Exercise philanthropy

Acts of philanthropy may be able to make up for some of the wrong you’ve committed. You could start donating proceeds to charity or you could try to make efforts to embrace fair trade and sustainable methods. This could help to paint your company in a more positive light. 

Be patient

You cannot rebuild a damaged reputation overnight. It could take months – and even years – before you’re able to fully leave behind your past reputation. Slowly but surely you will be able to win people over again, providing that you don’t let any bad behaviours from the past resurface.

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Lifestyle & Culture

What to do after you find out an attorney won’t take your personal injury case

You aren’t doomed if the first attorney you talk to won’t take your case. From finding one who will to your mental and physical health, there are plenty of things you can do to get over your injury as fast as possible.

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One of the first things you should do if you are injured due to someone else’s negligence is to contact an attorney. They can help you get the money you deserve to pay bills and maintain your quality of life so you can recover without worry.

Unfortunately, there’s no guarantee that an attorney will take your case. You may discover that your attorney isn’t willing to work with you.

Don’t let their decision keep you from moving forward in your life. Here’s what you should do in the days and months after your case is declined by your attorney.

Talk to a Different Attorney

Don’t assume that because the first attorney you approach won’t take your case that no attorney will take your case. It’s true that they might turn you down because your case isn’t very strong, but it could also be possible that they don’t have the expertise that is required to win your case, they may feel like there’s a conflict of interest, or they may simply not have enough time. It’s worth your time to search for a different attorney.

Plan to schedule consultations with one or two more lawyers to discuss your case. Even if your case is difficult, you may find that there’s an attorney out there who is willing to take it on. With extra support from an attorney, you’ll be glad you didn’t give up the first time you were told no.

Apply for Disability Benefits

Applying for short- or long-term disability benefits is one of the first things you should do if you are injured and are unable to return to work. The sooner you apply, the sooner you’ll get the money you need to continue paying your bills, whether you’re waiting for a settlement or you simply can’t return to work.

If you’re waiting for your first payment or you’re struggling even after you receive disability benefits, look into other government programs that can help. From specific programs that help you pay bills to rental assistance and food programs, there is a lot of help out there if you and your family need it.

Go to Your Medical Appointments

If you’re struggling to find the assistance you need, whether from an attorney or the government, it’s easy to let your medical appointments slide. If you can’t afford to pay the bills, you may tell yourself that you can’t afford to go to your medical appointments either.

It is so important to prioritize your health if you want to recover from your injury. Keep your appointments to the best of your ability. Bring up your concerns with your doctor if costs are a concern. They may be able to safely reduce the number of your appointments, or they may be able to refer you to resources or other doctors who can help.

Take Time for Your Mental Health

It’s normal for your mental health to take a dip if you’re dealing with an injury. Scheduling appointments with a therapist is a great option, but if you don’t have the time, the money, or the interest, there are plenty of things you can do to get through a tough time.

A few ideas include:

  • Write about it
  • Set aside dedicated worry time every day, then move on
  • Talk to friends and family
  • Start a new hobby
  • Spend time outdoors
  • Get some exercise

Find a New Way to Make Money

There are a lot of things to worry and think about when you’re dealing with a personal injury, but for many who are injured, providing for their family is one of the biggest concerns. If you’re having a hard time sitting at home and worrying about your struggling family, you’ll feel a lot better if you find a new way to make money.

There are many things you can do to make a little extra cash, and the Social Security Administration may even be willing to help you. Some part time jobs won’t affect the money you receive from your disability benefits, you can find free training programs and grants that will help you go back to school, or you can simply find quick and easy ways to make a few extra bucks from home.

You aren’t doomed if the first attorney you talk to won’t take your case. From finding one who will to your mental and physical health, there are plenty of things you can do to get over your injury as fast as possible.

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Lifestyle & Culture

Ways to keep yourself fresh and active

There are different ways to overcome laziness and exhaustion despite the amount of extensive workload one faces. Keeping yourself upbeat and productive is very important, but people do not realize that giving time to yourself is just as essential to maintaining a healthy and happy lifestyle.

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With so much work pressure and a challenging routine at school, staying fresh is very hard. Keeping fresh in this fast-paced world is easier said than done. There are different ways to overcome laziness and exhaustion despite the amount of extensive workload one faces. Keeping yourself upbeat and productive is very important, but people do not realize that giving time to yourself is just as essential to maintaining a healthy and happy lifestyle. In the process of getting things done and trying to earn a living, regardless of how we feel, we do very little to keep ourselves happy. 

Maintaining your energy levels throughout the day is very hard (we know). We try everything from coffee to energy drinks, but nothing seems to work out perfectly. Maybe it’s the method that’s not right, or perhaps it’s just not for us; we will never know. However, we can try out different ways and choose the best one for us that suits our body well.

8 Simple Tips To Feel Fresh & Stay Active

Let’s discuss a few methods and learn how to stay active all day.

1. Get Some Sleep

Sleep is essential for everyone. Let it be adults or kids. Although kids and adults both require different hours of sleep. Adults need about seven to eight hours of sleep every night. Also, keep in mind that sleep quality matters a lot; it’s not just about the quantity. First of all, turn off your cell phone before going to bed and draw your curtains to block out the light beaming in from the street as light can stub your sleep. The human body rests better in a dark and cold environment. Secondly, turn on that fan or air condition. 

Sleep is your key to staying fresh and energetic all day. Lack of sleep can cause dark circles, which can make you look exhausted. Furthermore, avoid heavy meals before going to bed as your body may consume energy while digesting, and you may end up waking up very tired.

2. Start Your Day Off With Exercise

Make sure you work out before carrying out any other activity. People mostly workout after they are done with their day, but that is not the right way to carry out your activities. Working out after your school or office has ended can legit drain out the remaining energy, and it can result in exhaustion. However, working out early in the morning can refresh your mind and help you stay active throughout the day. 

Exercise is not only good for keeping you active and fresh during the day, but it is also very good for your skin and digestive system.

3. Brush Your Teeth

Brushing your teeth twice a day can help you stay active. That minty splash of fresh in your mouth wakes you up instantly. Besides that, who likes the feeling of a dirty breath? No one! Having an unpleasant breath can make the ones around you uncomfortable and make you feel shabby. 

Furthermore, having bad breath can lower down your confidence levels which may lead to an exhausted-looking face.

4. Don’t Forget To Hydrate

All the heat and sweating dries your skin like flowers under the sun, all withered and brown. It is recommended to consume at least eight water glasses per day (more if you can). Water not only energizes you and helps keep you stay active but also clears your skin out of all the oxidants and gives a natural glow. Furthermore, water is also proven very good for weight loss.

5. Limit Your Caffeine Intake

Coffee, sodas, energy drinks, and other caffeinated drinks are very efficient in providing you with an instant jolt of energy. However, in the long run, you’ll be more tired throughout the day. Caffeine does not have long-lasting effects. Therefore, after the effect wears off, you may crave some more caffeine. Thus, creating dependency. This can lead you to ride a constant low-high of energy, tiring you out much faster. Secondly, caffeine increases your stress levels, causes headaches, gives you the effect of feeling jittery, increases blood pressure, and makes it harder to relax and fall asleep.

6. Avoid Smoking

Not only is smoking cancerous and horrible for your mental and physical health, but it also makes you feel more tired throughout the day. Nicotine is an infamous stimulant, known to increase the blood pressure and heart rate of its users. Furthermore, it can cause insomnia in some individuals. 

7. Take a shower

Take a shower after working out or in the middle of the day, whenever you feel like it. Although, make sure you take a cold shower and not a hot one as a hot shower can make you feel sleepy, while a cold shower helps you wake up and makes you feel energized. Also, using fragmented soaps can help you feel more energized and active.

If you have a swimming pool, just dive when you have time and get energized. I mean, who wouldn’t want to jump in a pool or, better, A LAKE.

Showers should be your go-to if you want to stay fresh and active during summers.

8. Use Natural Supplements

Our bodies try very hard to sustain themselves without much external influence. However, it is our duty to provide them with all the nutrients they require. Similar to eating clean and healthy food to fuel our bodies properly, we require some supplements, vitamins, and minerals that help your body run at an optimum level.

Here’s a list of some of the vital natural supplement that can help your body increase its energy levels:

  • Kratom
    Kratom is loved by its users worldwide. They praise kratom for its magical abilities. Kratom can not only boost up your energy levels, but certain strains can also help relieve pain and anxiety. There are the white strains that are the most potent, and then there are the red strains that are low. 
    White strains are used to boost energy. There are different types of white strains, such as White Thai kratom, white Borneo kratom, etc.
    Kratom can be consumed in the form of tea, pills, or powder. The method of tea and pills you obviously understand, but you might be wondering, “what is kratom powder?” obviously, you all know what powder means, but you may not be able to understand how to consume it exactly; it’s easy! Use the toss and wash method or add it to your shakes etc.
  • Vitamin B12
    Vitamin B12 helps change the food you ingest into energy. It assists in keeping your body’s nerves and blood cells healthy. It also prevents a specific type of anemia that can make you tired and weak. Vitamin B12 can be found in various animal proteins such as fish, meat, and dairy products. It can also be ingested in the form of B12 supplements.
  • Iron 
    Your body requires iron to create hemoglobin, a protein found in the red blood cells that supply oxygen from your lungs to your organs and tissues in the entire body. Inadequate levels of iron make it difficult for the red blood cells to carry oxygen to the body’s tissues effectively. This causes iron deficiency anemia, which can leave you feeling weak and fatigued. Iron can be found in meat and seafood. You could also take iron supplements.
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Lifestyle & Culture

We all make mistakes; don’t punish yourself forever

When it comes to the mistakes that you have made, you cannot punish yourself forever. You need to find a way to let go of what you have done and find a way to move forward.

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Let’s be honest, at one point or another we will all make a mistake. Some mistakes are minimal, like forgetting to pick up your dry cleaning or accidentally banging someone else’s car, but other mistakes are a little larger and more difficult to shake. The fact is that after making a mistake it is not always easy to move past it, is it? This is especially true if the mistake that you have made is a rather significant one.

IMAGE SOURCE: PIXABAY.COM

After making a sizeable mistake, be it a mistake at work that’s cost your boss thousands of dollars, an accident that led to your child getting hurt, or something that meant you broke the law, it’s important to remember that you can’t punish yourself forever. Admittedly, after making a mistake you’re going to feel bad about it, but you cannot keep constantly blaming yourself. The fact is that we all make mistakes, and forgiving yourself is part of the process of moving forward.

Wondering what it takes not to want to punish yourself forever? Below are a few tips and pieces of advice for ways in which you can move past a mistake that you’ve made. 

Forgive yourself 

If the mistake that you’ve made is one that you never wanted to make and has had a serious impact on your life or the lives of others, it can be exceedingly difficult to forgive yourself. However, if you have any chance of being able to move your life forward, first you need to start working towards forgiving yourself. You need to remember that everyone makes mistakes – granted some mistakes are larger than others, but that doesn’t mean that you can’t come back from them. However, if you’re going to come back from them, you need to start forgiving yourself. 

Fight for your future 

In order to be able to move on with your life after making a serious mistake, you need to think about how you are going to fight for your future. Say, for instance, you made a mistake that lead to a crime being committed, you might feel like you have no chance of a future. However, that is not necessarily the case. If you take the time to find a board certified criminal defense attorney who is willing to help defend your case, then you might have a chance of having the future that you want, after all. 

Move on 

When it comes to the mistakes that you have made, you cannot punish yourself forever. You need to find a way to let go of what you have done and find a way to move forward; otherwise, you will just be punishing yourself forever. When it comes to moving on, think about what you would like from your future – ask yourself, where you would like to be in five or ten years time. Just because things aren’t great right now, that doesn’t mean that you can’t have the future that you want to have. 

The fact is that we all make mistakes, but it’s how you handle those mistakes that defines you. 

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Lifestyle & Culture

Top careers for promising future

If you are going to graduate soon from school, you can check the forecast for the future employment market and choose a specialization based on the obtained data. But if you are a student already and you don’t want to miss the opportunity to bet a well-paid promising position, it is still possible to enroll in a course or study supplementary disciplines.

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The contemporary world is rapidly changing. Some professions have become obsolete, while new ones appear. This imposes additional requirements on students who need to decide which specialization to choose and which profession to opt for. How to be sure that a specialization you have been focusing on for the last five years won’t become unnecessary in the nearest future?

If you are going to graduate soon from school, you can check the forecast for the future employment market and choose a specialization based on the obtained data. But if you are a student already and you don’t want to miss the opportunity to bet a well-paid promising position, it is still possible to enroll in a course or study supplementary disciplines. Of course, it is hard to combine the regular curriculum with additional subjects. In this case, one can resort to diverse services and pay for essay writing or accomplishing diverse tasks. Thus, if you have decided to focus on the professions of the future, here are the fields to consider.

1. Healthcare

Taking into account the problems of the year 2020, as well as the problem of the aging population, the specialists in the field of healthcare (doctors, nurses, physical therapists, pharmacists, home health aids) will be in demand, and this demand will be increasing. To get a well-paid position as a doctor, you need to be good at math and sciences, as well as to enjoy working with people. Besides, the process of education is quite long and requires a lot of effort. 

2. Information Technology

There is no need to explain why this field is promising. More and more gadgets are appearing daily. Talking about the field of IT, these are not just programmers, developers, and network administrators that are going to be in demand. This field has already incorporated a lot of Internet-related professions that deal with advertising, marketing, and promotion.

The niche of Information Technology seems to be boundless nowadays. Even if you are not sure that you are capable of programming, working with codes, or designing your own products, there are plenty of professions that can be mastered thanks to hard work and proactivity.

3. Alternative Energy

Humanity is not yet ready to say goodbye to oil and gas. However, the use of unrenewable sources that pollute the environment has been a challenge of recent decades. Therefore, specialists working in the niche of renewable energy, i.e., wind, solar, hydrogen, geothermal power, etc., will be in high demand.

Besides, the niche will need diverse specialties from developers and scientists to effective managers and technicians. More and more colleges and universities are now opening departments that focus on research in the field of environment protection and ecology.

4. International Law

Even though the world is becoming more and more globalized, international relations do not cease to be important. Thus, specialists in this field will be always in demand. Aside from law, it is also possible to focus on economic matters on an international scale.

5. Financial Analysts

The economic crisis has proven that the need for financial advisors is not ceasing. Professionals of the financial sector can work as investors and business owners, as well as advisors who will provide recommendations to businesses and individuals. The matter of money is always important, therefore, the demand for these specialists won’t cease.

6. Content & Marketing

Business promotion (by all the possible channels) will foresee the necessity to create diverse content, from textual to photos and videos, as well as to correctly present and promote this content. To a certain extent, these specialties are related to the field of IT, however, these professions are less technical but more creative.

As you can see, the fields with a promising future are diverse. There are lots of professions that are expected to be necessary and popular for a decade or even more. So, if you start thinking about your future today and focus on one of the required fields, you will become one of the demanded specialists with a stable income in the future. 

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Health & Wellness

Experiencing police violence worsens mental health in distinct ways

Simply put, the experience of police violence puts Black, Latino, Indigenous, and sexual minority communities at higher risk of distinct mental health problems, in addition to greater risk of death at the hands of police.

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Photo by Daria Sannikova from Pexels.com

The experience of police violence is associated with mental and emotional trauma distinct from that caused by other kinds of violence, creating a public health crisis for communities most affected.

Simply put, the experience of police violence puts Black, Latino, Indigenous, and sexual minority communities at higher risk of distinct mental health problems, in addition to greater risk of death at the hands of police, according to the paper.

The study is authored by a group of researchers at several universities, including UC Riverside, who have been examining the mental health effects of police violence at the population level for several years.

“It’s a public health issue because police violence is not experienced equally in our society but instead has a disproportionate effect on the mental health of racial, ethnic, and sexual minorities,” said Bruce Link, a UC Riverside distinguished professor of sociology and public policy. “The point of our paper is to indicate why the experience of police violence is uniquely stressful and therefore particularly impactful.”

People who have experienced police violence have few options for redress. They must report incidents to the same police departments that abused them in the first place.

Psychologists agree that trauma spurs biological or psychological changes that manifest over time as psychiatric symptoms, particularly when the trauma is sexually or physically violent. Research on stressful life events, especially uncontrollable events, has attempted to provide a broader framework for how stress may affect a person’s usual activities, goals, and values, but until recently this approach has not been applied to police violence.

Link, along with Jordan DeVylder of Fordham University and Lisa Fedina of the University of Michigan, reviewed numerous studies of the effects of police violence on mental health in a paper called “Impact of police violence on mental health: a theoretical framework,” and identified eight factors distinct to police violence.

Police violence is state sanctioned

Unlike most other forms of violence, police violence is embedded in a history of state-enforced practices that permitted cruel, unusual, and dehumanizing punishment of individuals deemed to be from so-called “dangerous classes,” particularly Blacks. Communities of color and LGBTQ communities have been historically subjected to discriminatory laws, such as Jim Crow laws and sodomy laws, which permitted harassment and excessive and fatal force against individuals from these communities.

The police are a pervasive presence

Police are everywhere, especially in low-income communities of color. People who have experienced violent or stressful encounters with police have no way to avoid being around constant reminders of these painful experiences, or the fear of future encounters.

There are limited options for recourse

People who have experienced police violence have few options for redress. They must report incidents to the same police departments that abused them in the first place. Police are authorized to use force in a wide variety of situations and survivors have to prove that the violence was not legitimate. Because they have few options for reporting an incident, for legal recourse, or for advocacy services and referrals to mental health treatment, any mental health symptoms they have may worsen over time.

Police culture deters internal accountability

Violence committed through institutions, rather than interpersonal relationships, is supported by organizational cultures that condone it. Police often maintain a code of silence around violence and therefore often fail to hold each other accountable. This amounts to gaslighting survivors who do report incidents, potentially worsening mental health symptoms.

Police violence alters deeply held beliefs

Many are taught that police protect them and their communities from various dangers and help in emergencies. A single violent encounter can shatter this belief for an individual, but when police violence is the norm, instead of an isolated incident, the community at large loses trust in the police as an institution and, often correctly, comes to regard them as part of the problem.

Racial and economic disparities in exposure

Police violence is disproportionately directed at people of color, especially Blacks and Latinos, potentially leading to diminished feelings of self-worth and value within American society.

Police violence is stigmatizing

Because police are allowed to use force in many situations, survivors of police violence are often blamed for the encounter. Their actions are heavily scrutinized and faulted to justify the officers’ actions, especially by members of groups that benefit from the social order policing upholds. Moreover, many people have friends and relatives who work as police officers, making it feel like a betrayal to report incidents of police violence.

Police are typically armed

Unlike police in many countries, American police carry firearms and police departments have become heavily militarized. Police are given broad latitude to determine when and how to deploy force. Every interaction with police holds the possibility of violence, and for communities subjected to routine overpolicing, this threat brings additional challenges for mental health.

The researchers call for a framework to examine the mental health consequences of police violence that takes into account these points. However, implicit in their analysis are solutions for the public health crisis caused by police violence, such as demilitarizing police, holding police accountable when untoward events occur, ending the overpolicing of communities of color, providing better reporting options and support for survivors of police violence, and policies that build mutual trust between police and the communities they are meant to serve.

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